The newest GINA regulations issued by the US Department of Labor, the IRS and the Department of Health and Human Services go into effect for plans on December 7, 2009. The Genetic Information Non-discrimination Act will not be violated by employers and employees across the nation.
GINA guards employers against gathering information on employees’ genetic makeup, and against making employment decisions based on that information. The GINA poster needs to be displayed in the workplace. This is prominent regulation.
The new GINA is interpreted broadly. In addition, employees’ requests for or receipt of genetic services, and family medical history are all included in GINA. This includes any manifestation of a disease or disorder in the employee’s family members including dependents plus all relatives to the fourth degree without regard to whether they are related by blood, marriage or adoption. This would include current medical information about an employee’s children, spouse, grandparents, great-grandparents, parents, aunts and uncles, and first cousins.
GINA has two titles. Title I prohibits employers from increasing group health premiums or contributions based on genetic information. Title II also prohibits employers from using genetic or familial medical information in employment discrimination.